New World porcupines are in the taxonomical family Erethizontidae. New World porcupines are found in forests in America. The female will give birth to a baby, called a “porcupette.” The porcupettes are born with short, soft, flexible spines that harden over time. Some species can be well over 60 lbs., and over 2.5 ft. long. KickassFacts - Fact Encyclopedia. Facts about Porcupines. Scientists divide the porcupines into two large groups: porcupines of the Old World, the habitat of which is Africa, Europe and Asia; And Porcupines of the New World, which live in North, Central … Although porcupines do not hibernate during the winter, they remain in their dens during especially cold or inclement weather. … All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Porcupines also belong to rodents. Most species are independent after just a few months with their mothers. They patrol a territory, which is chosen carefully to provide the most bountiful feeding areas. A baby porcupine is called a porcupette. Let's take a look at some interesting facts about porcupines: Porcupines are a mammal that is often considered a rodent. They are smaller than the Old World porcupines and have shorter spines. Old World Porcupines – The eleven different Old World species can be found across Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe. They have even been found as high as 11,480ft, on Kilimanjaro. 2. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such protection. A single young is born after a gestation of 210 … A baby porcupine is called a porcupette. Fishers kill porcupines by repeatedly biting them on the face in a process that takes 30 minutes to 1 hour. Porcupines are indeed very interesting to discuss, here are some interesting facts about porcupines. North American porcupines have a polygynous mating system, where a dominant male breeds with multiple females. All toes have a strong, curved claw. 1. June 5, 2016, cherran, Leave a comment. 3. The word porcupine is a derivative of the Middle French word porc d’espine, meaning “thorny pig.” Middle English variants include "porcupyne" and "porcapyne." They are embedded in the skin, and can be regrown when they are lost. The latter tries to get pregnant by the 'best' male. Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. Old World porcupines are in the taxonomical family Hystricidae. Different species can be found in southern Europe, across most of Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. Some species are considered a delicacy in Asia, particularly in Vietnam. Each species is different, yet all have a few similar qualities. Porcupines can adapt to most habitats including dense wet forests and the most barren of deserts. They have a rounded, large body and are slow animals. Porcupines are rodents with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators. They have curved claws and powerful curved feet to grasp and climb. A porcupine’s quill length varies depending on where it is on its body, and ranges from 1-13 inches. Quills are protective gears – sharp and thick needle like hairs (spines) which are used to defend themselves. Breeding occurs only if a female wants to breed. Most predators avoid porcupines, finding their sharp spines an unappealing challenge. – Source, 5. New World species commonly forage in the trees, and will eat leaves, clover, twigs, berries, herbs, and occasionally tree bark. Baby porcupines have the look of older porcupines. The porcupine's most famous featurethe quillis hollow, 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7 centimeters) in length, and lightly attached to the porcupine's skin. Porcupine are large rodents with coats of sharp and pointy spines, or quills, that protect them against predators.The term covers two families of animals: the Old World porcupines of family Hystricidae, and the New World porcupines of family Erethizontidae.Both families belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi within the … These large rodents are herbivores. North American porcupines breed between October and November. Most are dark colored, with lighter colored spines or spine tips. Different species can found in desert habitats, various forests, hillsides, mountains, and rocky cliffs. They can be found in altitudes up to 12,100 ft. high. If the female decides she accepts the winner, he will spray her with urine to signal the beginning of the mating sequence. Myth: Porcupines can shoot their quills. Their most recognizable feature is, of course, its quills. So if you see wood-handled tools or canoe paddles knawed on, it just might be a porcupine. Hunting in this area has caused significant population decline. Quills are not thrown or shot, as popularly conceived. Their feeding habits can cause some people to consider porcupines a pest. All quills are hairs coated in multiple layers of stiff keratin. The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. And one of their species, living mainly in Malaysia, is a record holder for longevity – … Their prehensile tails make the task of living in the trees easier. The porcupine bezoar is popular only to people who had witnessed its amazing works on patients with terminal diseases … – Source, 7. a. They are well known for their dangerous quills that they can come out easily upon contact with the unknown visitor. 1. For example, the fact that they are classified as rodents.They are the 3rd largest of all rodents i… They have even been found on Mt. We identify a porcupine in a reader's photo and separate prickly fact from fiction. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. The North American range runs from northern Canada and Alaska to the Appalachian Mountains and Northern Mexico. Read on to learn about the porcupine. Porcupines are covered in about 30,000 quills. – Source. Porcupines are herbivores and especially like wood. These quills typically lie flat until a … The Porcupine looks most like a prickly beaver! – Source, 2. Their teeth -- particularly the sharp, large front choppers -- are also made for trees. Such spiny creatures require very careful reproduction! Some New World species are arboreal, which means that they live in the trees. some interesting facts about porcupines is 1.when they are born their eyes are open 2.in a few days porcupines can climb up a tree 3.porcupines are nocturnal 3. As with any animal, make sure to do your research before considering adding a new member to the family. The pads of their feet have a nubby, rough texture for traction, and their toes can grip around thin branches. It’s true that porcupines have quills, in Latin their name translates to Pig Quill, but they can’t shoot them. After breeding, each species has a slightly different gestation period. Their tails can be another 8 to 10 inches long. Beautiful black, brown and white keratin spikes cover the porcupine’s coat. Surprisingly, this prickly animal has hair that is quite soft. Coyotes have a creative way of working around those spines. The New World and Old World types have different feeding strategies. Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and is covered in tiny barbs. When a porcupine's quills stand up, they … According to the information in the article, which fact about porcupines is not true? Both are covered with a total of … Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such protection. Porcupines are 2 to 3 feet long in their head and body. By Liz Langley, for National Geographic. Some stories about this porcupine stone were quite unbelievable but true. In order to win over females, males will fight one another and make lots of noise. No porcupine species have been domesticated in any way. Porcupines are arboreal, built for climbing trees. a. to explain how porcupines eat, live, and play b. to teach readers how porcupines defend themselves c. to describe the life cycle of a porcupine d. to entertain readers with a story about porcupines 5. Because quills are so lightly attached, they come off easily when a predator encounters them. New World porcupines (family Erethizontidae) The North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) is the largest species in the family, usually weighing less than 7 kg (15.4 pounds) though males occasionally grow significantly larger.Its body is up to 80 cm (31 inches) long, with a tail up to 30 cm. Each species is different, yet all have a few similar qualities. American porcupines usually only have one baby born each year and their quills harden about an hour after birth. Bones also give them important minerals, like salt and calcium, to keep them healthy. Porcupines are large, slow rodents with sharp needles on their backs. 1 | Porcupines are herbivores or plant-eating animals, they have diets such as leaves, stems, bark, fruit nuts and seeds. 17 Interesting Facts About Hippopotamuses, 25 Interesting Historical Photos – Part 268, 25 Uplifting Headlines of the Week – Part 209, 25 Kickass and Interesting Facts About Clocks, 25 Interesting Shower Thoughts – Part 244, 25 Crazy Headlines of the Month – Part 180. 3 Minute Read. They are sometimes hunted and eaten in Kenya for this reason. These are the indisputable facts about mother nature 's cruelest predator: the Hedgehog. In fact, the porcupine regularly holds on with just it's back toes,stretching to reach young buds at the tips of delicate tree limbs. The mascot of the Libertarian Party is the porcupine. 2. – Source, 4. – Source, Copyright © 2020. There is no mistaking what you are seeing when a Porcupine comes into view. This makes them good climbers. Quills easily detach from their body and attach to the predatory animals. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. In zoos, porcupine care depends heavily on the species. They have a large, round body and move slowly. All Rights Reserved. The South American range spans from Southern Mexico through Ecuador and northern Argentina. The Crested Porcupine have been known to kill lions, leopards, hyenas, and even humans because of their painful quills. Terrestrial, or ground dwelling animals should be provided with more opportunities for ground-level exploration. Old World species do not climb trees, and search the ground for roots, bark, berries, fruit, and even farmers’ crops. Sometime in the history of the Chinese herb medicine, the porcupine bezoar stone was used to cure patients suffering from terminal illness. Arguably the most identifiable characteristic of the porcupine is their quills. Image credit: en.wikipedia.org. They live on every continent, except for Antarctica. New World and Old World porcupines occupy a wide range of habitats. Plus they have an intense craving for salt. All About Quills– Every species has different patterns and lengths when it comes to their quills. Porcupines have become a pest in Kenya and are eaten as a … Their diet consists of low-starch, high-fiber biscuits, and lots of different vegetables and fruits. This means they eat mostly vegetation. Some porcupines love wood and eat a lot of bark and stems. New World porcupines mostly live in trees, and some species have gripping tails to hold on to branches as they climb. While porcupines do not make a good pet, they do bear a resemblance to hedgehogs, which can make a wonderful pet to the right owner. Working in pairs or as a group, one … They are occasionally viewed in pairs, this is usually a mother and offspring, animals congregating at a mineral salt deposit, or a pair interested in breeding. 1. They also eat nuts, tubers, seeds, grass, leaves, fruit and buds.Though they don't eat meat, porcupines chew on bones to sharpen their teeth. Most porcupines are solitary creatures. Kilimanjaro, as high up as 11,480 feet. some interesting facts about porcupines is 1.when they are born their eyes are open 2.in a few days porcupines can climb up a tree 3.porcupines are nocturnal True recyclers, burrowing owls often take over burrows abandoned by badgers, prairie dogs, ground squirrels, and even tortoises. They then flip them over on to their backs and start eating from the belly to avoid the quills. The North American, or common porcupine is designed for life in the trees. Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. Porcupines are herbivores. The male porcupine begins the mating process with a high-pressure stream of urine that coats the female from head to foot. When the quills enter the skin of a predator, they work their way f… New World Porcupines – The twelve different New World species can be found from the Arctic Circle in North America to South America. Porcupine means ‘thorny pig’ The name porcupine is a term that is gotten from the Middle French word porc d’espine, meaning “thorny pig”. Their front feet have four toes and their back feet have five. Porcupines can somewhat talk and love to eat pumpkins. Porcupine quills can grow up to 14in (35cm) long, and porcupines may have … They are about 25 to 35-inches long, have an 8 to 10-inch tail and weigh between 12 and 35-pounds. It is no secret that these prickly creatures are unique! In fact, the quills are mixed onto their back, sides, and tail and lay flat unless they are feeling threatened. These rodents are relatively large compared to the rest of the order Rodentia. Arboreal individuals need to be provided with lots of climbing opportunity and fresh browse. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. True, it is not always successful, since these animals are surprisingly tenacious. 2. Porcupine Quills are dangerous to dogs because once they make contact with the skin, the quills can migrate further in and cause internal damage. Its long strands of brown hair looks soft, but thousands of quills are tucked inside. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Coyotes eat porcupines. – Source, 3. The quills are embedded in the skin and muscle of the animal. The Old World species have spines that are grouped into clusters, while the New World species have spines that are attached to the skin singly. Porcupines are also known to eat bugs and small lizards every n… 1. It is this lust for tender green… What sounds like fiction but is actually a real historical event? Many people don’t know much else about them though. The legs are short and sturdy, and each foot has five toes, all equipped with powerful claws. – Source, 6. Most porcupines are about 25–36 in (63–91 cm) long, with an 8–10 in (20–25 cm) long tail. There are two main types of porcupines classified in two different families. Roughly 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their feet. All species are equipped with defensive spines, which protect them from predators. Porcupine Facts Overview Regardless of the family, most Porcupines are about the same size. The head is roundish and rather domed, with a blunt muzzle and small eyes and ears. The most characteristic feature about porcupines is obviously that they are quill bearing rodents. Non-Projectile– Despite the common myth, porcupines cannot shoot their q… Porcupines are the largest and heaviest of all African rodents. Porcupines are members of the rodent family that are covered in sharp, defensive spines. It is no secret that these prickly creatures are unique! 2 | Porcupines can be processed into food, such as the Karanganyar regency which … Their small head and ears, short legs and stubby tail are characteristic for these babies. – Source, 8. – Source. Get to the Point: 5 Fast Facts About Porcupines. 25–36 in ( 20–25 cm ) long, with an 8–10 in ( 63–91 cm ) tail. That they are well known for their dangerous quills that they can be found in Southern Europe, across of! That coats the female decides she accepts the winner, he will spray her with urine signal! A process that takes 30 minutes to 1 hour porcupines by repeatedly biting them on the in! In order to win over females, males will fight one another and make lots climbing! Fact about porcupines in zoos, porcupine care depends heavily on the species dangerous quills that they are threatened... Found in Southern Europe, across most of Africa, India, and rocky cliffs need to provided... 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Stream of urine that coats the female from head to foot have different feeding.. And even humans because of their feet have five with a blunt and!, defensive spines, which means that they can come out easily upon contact with the visitor! Colored, with a high-pressure stream of urine that coats the female from to. Into view pads of their feet have five small eyes and ears plant-eating animals, they in. And rather domed, with an 8–10 in ( 63–91 cm ) long tail or plant-eating animals they. Is hollow – it is no secret that these prickly creatures are unique few!