As varied are the different dogwoods as the number of tools you can select to perform the pruning. Allow the kousa to grow for the rest of the year without any further pruning except for deadwood or storm damage as it occurs. For hard or rejuvenating pruning, prune the older stems or canes in the late winter while the dogwood shrub is dormant. Kousa dogwood is a species of flowering tree native to Japan and Korea and is a relation of other Cornus species native to North America. The new shoots that sprout from the ground will have a brighter red color in winter. Use hand pruners, but consider loppers if branch diameters are greater than 3/4 inch. After that, hard prune them every March. Step 3 1). Hand Pruning Shears: Stems up to half inch in diameter can be pruned with hand shears. Prune when the kousa dogwood is dormant, in late fall or early winter. Some care needs to be taken on when you prune a dogwood tree and how much you prune off at one time. Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. To encourage a shrublike appearance, trim off the top third of the tree with long-handled pruning shears to promote new branch growth near the ground. Suckers that grow at the base of a dogwood tree use energy that the tree needs for proper growth. Pruning a young dogwood helps determine its mature shape. Place all cuts on the bias just 1/4 inch above a leaf node or bud or just outside of the slightly swollen branch collar where two branches meet. For best results, plant kousa dogwoods in a spot where they get morning and evening sun but partial shade in the afternoon. Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. How to Prune Kousa Dogwood Trees. Cut the bottom end horizontally and the top end at an angle. Kousa dogwood trees begin life with an upright design, but their branches grow out horizontally as the trees mature. Snip off branches on the lower third of the remaining trunk with pruning shears and the tree will grow taller, faster. The best time to do this pruning is in winter while the tree is dormant; the absence of leaves also makes pruning easier because you have a clear view of the tree’s shape and structure. Allow multiple trunks to remain, as they will compete with each other for nutrients and limit the kousa's height. A native of Japan and Korea, Kousa Dogwood with tiny, star-shaped flowers are known for embellishing the yards and decks for all four seasons of the year. Watering: Irrigate your Kousa dogwood during drought. Select the appropriate one according to the size of the plant, its age and the type of pruning it will perform. Pruning, however, can be very important to the overall look of the plant. Pruning away large portions of any trees can have a stunting effect - although if major alterations are to be made when the tree is young is the time to do it. Allow multiple trunks to remain, as they will compete with each other for nutrients and limit the kousa's height. However, if it were me (I am a certified arborist) I would prune after flowering. Conduct this severe rejuvenating pruning in early to mid-spring before leaf buds swell and open. Cut out any dead, cracked, abrading or otherwise damaged branches. Cutting The trick for getting the best out of dogwoods is to let them establish for three to four years before you coppice for the first time. Dogwood is a very easy ornamental shrub to grow. Dogwoods are fairly tough plants, and if it is well established, it will likely be fine. Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. Kousa dogwoods, also called Japanese flowering dogwoods, need very little pruning to be healthy. Pruning, if needed, is best carried out between autumn and early spring, while the tree is dormant and leafless. While trimming typically entails cutting off branches and stems of trees and shrubs in one cut, dogwood pruning is different. Its wide branches create the perfect canopy of bright green leaves, white flowers, and pink berries. Prune every stem down to this level - as can be seen in the image above right. Save the heavier pruning until the shrub is dormant which will be in the winter to late winter time frame. Do not prune when the tree is flowering in the spring, or you will make it vulnerable to dogwood borers, one of the very few pests that seriously affect it. Think of the kousa dogwood in thirds. You also should prune to remove weak branches before strong winds can break limbs and fall on people or buildings. This will just be light pruning for shape or to fix damage of some sort. Most dogwood trees don’t need much attention in the pruning department. They are prized for their large bracts in spring, decorative red berries in summer and their richly colored fall foliage. Pruning can help keep branches and limbs away from power lines and buildings. Pruning: Regular trimming isn’t necessary with Kousa dogwood, but you may want to selectively prune your tree in order to show off the dramatic branches and bark. Cutting The trick for getting the best out of dogwoods is to let them establish for three to four years before you coppice for the first time. Dogwoods are fairly tough plants, and if it is well established, it will likely be fine. They are a delicate vision at twilight in late spring. Our native dogwoods grow quite differently, more reaching, horizontal branching. Planting Dogwoods combine well in borders with the white winter stems of the ghost bramble (Rubus cockburnianus or R. thibetanus) for contrast, and also look good with emerging early spring bulbs.. Choose the strongest of multiple trunks and cut the others away with a pruning saw for a single-trunk, treelike appearance. All you have to do to keep your plants producing lots of new stems with their rich colours is to hard prune them - or coppice - them every year from the end of their first year. Prune the Cornus down to - or near ground level. Reduce the length of the branches only when needed to improve access around the tree, such as when it overhangs a walkway or is brushing up against another tree canopy or structure. Mulching: Kousa dogwood benefit from a layer of mulch to hold in moisture. They do not require regular pruning, except to remove occasional damaged or dead wood. In spring, a heavenly array of star-like blooms appear. A native of Japan and Korea, Kousa Dogwood with tiny, star-shaped flowers are known for embellishing the yards and decks for all four seasons of the year. ... You can prune to maintain its natural shape. How to Prune Kousa Dogwood Trees. In addition, remove about a third of the oldest stems annually. Conduct this severe rejuvenating pruning in early to mid-spring before leaf buds swell and open. Award-winning Cornus kousa 'Miss Satomi' (Kousa Dogwood) is an upright, spreading medium-sized deciduous shrub with 4 seasons of interest. Figure 1. To encourage a shrublike appearance, trim off the top third of the tree with long-handled pruning shears to promote new branch growth near the ground. For general shaping, prune the shrub right after it has finished blooming up to July. Power companies prune trees and shrubs for safety, not looks. Dogwood Pagoda This is a slow growing plant that will need a minimal amount of pruning. It has brightly coloured young bark that looks great in winter when all the leaves have fallen. They keep their shape fairly well by nature. Think of the kousa dogwood in thirds. They consist of four narrowly pointed deep pink bracts which surround the center cluster of tiny yellowish-green flowers. She demonstrates how to reduce the height and rejuvenate the shrub. Thin the interior of the canopy if needed to increase sunlight penetration and fresh air flow. How Do I Store Iris Bulbs Over the Winter? Thin the interior of the canopy if needed to increase sunlight penetration and fresh air flow. Snip off branches on the lower third of the remaining trunk with pruning shears and the tree will grow taller, faster. As the Kousa Dogwood matures, it branches out horizontally and becomes more wide-spreading. A dogwood grows 1 or 2 feet each year until it's about 25 feet tall. You also should prune to remove weak branches before strong winds can break limbs and fall on people or buildings. Kousa dogwoods produce their flowers on year-old wood. Prune back all branches of the dogwood shrub, making the pruning cuts 2 to 4 inches above the soil level. Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. Red dogwood is easily propagated from the pruned cuttings. Then its time to hard prune them each spring to enable fresh growth before winter. A once-a-year pruning in late winter is essential to maintaining the bright colors of the twigs, which is what these shrubs are prized for. Two good times to prune a Kousa dogwood are right after its finished blooming in June or toward the end of winter (if you don't mind giving up some of the flowers that year). If the tree is planted near a walkway, you’ll probably need to remove some lower branches in … Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. The attractive foliage turns a beautiful fall red in the autumn. Pruning: Regular trimming isn’t necessary with Kousa dogwood, but you may want to selectively prune your tree in order to show off the dramatic branches and bark. Depending on their location, red twig dogwoods can grow to be 10 feet tall and 10 feet across. Think of the kousa dogwood in thirds. Cut branch refuse into manageable pieces and place in yard waste bags for disposal or add to your compost heap. Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. When first flowering, they are pale green, but eventually they turn a luminous white that appears to glow in the... Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. Award-winning Cornus kousa 'Miss Satomi' (Kousa Dogwood) is an upright, spreading medium-sized deciduous shrub with 4 seasons of interest. Initially, kousa branches will grow vertically, but strong lateral growth will develop as the tree matures, giving a beautiful, broad reach without any further assistance. Hard pruning is not tolerated and will spoil the shape of the tree. How to Hard Prune Dogwood for its Winter Display . Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. Thankfully the deer walk right by and leave the dogwoods alone for the most part. Dogwoods are small trees, usually 20 to 30 feet tall at maturity. Your goal in pruning Dogwood shrubs, such as the red and yellow twigged dogwoods, is to remove old stems that have lost their brilliance that will be replaced by new, brightly colored stems. Initially, kousa branches will grow vertically, but strong lateral growth will develop as the tree matures, giving a beautiful, broad reach without any further assistance. Keep reading to get tips for growing Kousa dogwood trees and how to take care of Kousa dogwoods in the landscape. After planting, leave them be and let them establish for a summer. The first is the thinning cut. How to prune a dogwood tree with the buddha 002 you pruning trees university of maryland extension selection and care of dogwoods alabama cooperative extension system this is a beautifully shaped dogwood tree that i drive by every how to draw a dogwood tree tree specific reasons for pruning click in image to see full. This hard pruning of the Dogwood removes all of the stems that were the attraction through the previous winter, but do not worry, for where you have carried out the pruning, many more stems will grow from the stumps left behind. If your Cornus is a tangled mess of crossing stems then it is definitely time to prune them back into some form of order. Place the cut back to a point of healthy wood or back down to the parent branch from which the problem branch originates. Kousa dogwoods are genetically an upright, vase-shaped tree. The why and how to prune your trees and shrubs with great exapmples of how trees recover when pruned corretly. Two good times to prune a Kousa dogwood are right after its finished blooming in June or toward the end of winter (if you don't mind giving up some of the flowers that year). All Rights Reserved. Prune back all branches of the dogwood shrub, making the pruning cuts 2 to 4 inches above the soil level. In spring, a heavenly array of star-like blooms appear. You can just use single plants here and there, or make a lovely dogwood feature by planting a big clump of them. Mulching: Kousa dogwood benefit from a layer of mulch to hold in moisture. Prune every stem down to this level - as can be seen in the image above right. Cut branch refuse into manageable pieces and place in yard waste bags for disposal or add to your compost heap. How to Prune Kousa Dogwood Trees. They are a delicate vision at twilight in late spring. Only prune in early spring before the plant leafs out. This hard pruning of the Dogwood removes all of the stems that were the attraction through the previous winter, but do not worry, for where you have carried out the pruning, many more stems will grow from the stumps left behind. There should be one topmost leading branch, and any side branches that compete with it should also be removed. Pruning dogwood trees will produce more flowering blooms in the following year, giving you a fuller and healthier tree. Think of the kousa dogwood in thirds. They can be planted in the landscape as a large shrub or a small tree, depending on how you prune and shape them. And follow our step-by-step demonstration, below, for detailed advice on taking dogwood cuttings. Prune when the kousa dogwood is dormant, in late fall or early winter. Good pruning also opens blocked sight lines, such as when overhanging limbs block the views from driveways or street corners. As a young tree, the C. kousa has a different shape with stems stretching upwards in a vase form. Kousa Dogwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Kousa Dogwood grows 15 to 20 feet tall and has beautiful exfoliating bark, long lasting flowers, good fall color, and attractive fruit (Fig. Discover how to coppice and prune dogwood. Place all cuts on the bias just 1/4 inch above a leaf node or bud or just outside of the slightly swollen branch collar where two branches meet. With that said, you can prune now to force branches a certain direction. You could also prune them down to the ground annually so they put on all new growth and stay more compact. Prune when the kousa dogwood is dormant, in late fall or early winter. For example, remove all but one stem from a young tree to give it a single-trunk shape, pruning away any new, low side branches until the main trunk is a few feet tall. Snip off branches on the lower third of the remaining trunk with pruning shears and the tree will grow taller, faster. To encourage a shrublike appearance, trim off the top third of the tree with long-handled pruning shears to promote new branch growth near the ground. If it is healthy, it will likely respond with a large flush of new growth in the spring. Cut the branches into 12-inch segments. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Stick the bottom end into … They consist of four narrowly pointed deep pink bracts which surround the center cluster of tiny yellowish-green flowers. Also, trying to prune genetics can be a challenge. Branches grow upright when the tree is young, but appear in horizontal layers on mature trees. If it looks untidy, it would be best to wait at least another season before pruning it to shape. You can either fully ‘hard’ prune them back to the ground or selectively remove 1/3 of the oldest stems dependant on the size of the shrub. Young Kousa Dogwood. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Mariah Mickman explains how to prune a Dogwood shrub. Pruning can help keep branches and limbs away from power lines and buildings. There are two types of pruning cuts you may choose. Allow the entire shrub to rejuvenate over summer and fall. Snip off branches on the lower third of the remaining trunk with pruning shears and the tree will grow taller, faster. If it is healthy, it will likely respond with a large flush of new growth in the spring. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Small White Flowers image by Van Ness from, Texas A&M University: Follow Proper Pruning Techniques, Purdue University: Pruning Ornamental Trees, University of Illinois Extension: Kousa Dogwood, North Carolina State University: Flowering Dogwood. Watering: Irrigate your Kousa dogwood during drought. 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